An ancient breed of dog, descended from dogs of Arabic origins. The longhaired version of this dog is famous for its appearance and prized for its coat. It has a long and elegant head, with ears hanging very low. The long coat will need a fair deal of attention to keep it in good condition, and a weekly bath will make the thick coat easier to groom. This breed can be described as speedy and energetic when exercising, clownish when at play; however they can be reserved, dignified, and even aloof the rest of the time. It has a tendency to be suspicious of anything it doesn’t know, but it will never be hostile or overly aggressive. It can get bored easily if it does not receive enough mental and physical stimulation. It enjoys plenty of outdoor exercise, long walks, and runs. They make great companion dogs, living up to 14 years. Coat colours: gold, black, grey, cream, and dark brown. Weigh between 53 and 64 pounds, and can reach between 63cm - 75 cm in height.
Originating in the UK, this sometimes stubborn breed can be an extremely loyal and energetic companion. The Airedale was bred for attacking prey in the water, and can show an aggressive side when around other dogs. It is typically quiet indoors, but it does require frequent grooming. It is found with a black and tan coat, and it will reach an average height of 57cm. It is the largest of all the terrier breeds, and it is sometimes called the king of terriers. It will need plenty of exercise, outdoor activity, and mental stimulation to keep it from becoming bored or destructive. This breed does well at high level obedience training; however they can be disobedient and challenge anything that it sees as being submissive – including family members. It does not make an ideal family dog due to its potential roughness and rowdiness around young children; however, it does make a fantastic and fun companion with firm and consistent training. They can benefit from a moderate level of grooming, and the coat should be plucked out twice a year. It can reach a weight of 44 pounds.
A form of dwarfed bloodhound, the Basset is more likely to be found in the setting of a family home than hunting anything in a pack. This breed originated in Britain, and is widely known. It is an affectionate, placid, and well behaved dog which is good around children – but like any dog, should be treated with a firm and consistent hand. The basset has short legs, making it slow and distinctive looking. Its long droopy ears resemble that of larger breeds of hound. It enjoys plenty of exercise, but is not easily trained as it is prone to getting distracted. Housetraining can also be difficult but positive reinforcement for good behaviour bodes well. The short coat needs little attention and can be found in gold and white, tan and white, and in black, tan, and white. It will measure up to 36cm in height, and will typically weigh between 40 and 60 pounds.
Originating in Britain, the Beagle is a lively, hardy, fun loving hound that can make an excellent family pet. They are sociable dogs, which love company, and hate to be left alone. They are prone to howling if left on their own so be advised that keeping a single Beagle on its own is not a great idea. These are otherwise a great all rounder – being amusing, great with kids, and with other dogs. They will be fine with cats they have been socialized with from a young age; however, introducing a full grown beagle to a house with cats can be problematic. They are difficult to train as they can be distracted easily, and like any other hound, will follow its nose when out for a walk. There are animal scents which can be bought and used to play hunting and tracking games – this kind of activity will keep any beagle happy and satisfied. This breed needs outdoor access, plenty of outdoor activities and regular walks. They will require a firm and consistent hand when training. It is a small but sturdy dog, and it can be found in any combination of the colours black, tan and white. It will reach a height of 40cm, and can weigh up to 30 pounds.
Thought to have originated in the UK, the true origins of the breed are not known. It is descended from hunting and chasing breeds, and it does have a tendency to chase. It is full of energy, and will require a great deal of exercise. Think twice if you don’t have the time or space for this breed. It can become bored locked indoors, and therefore can become a nuisance, or destructive. The breed can display a liking for digging, and you may quickly find you garden full of holes! It is great around children, and other dogs, and it therefore makes a fantastic family pet. This dog can also display a fondness for barking. It needs a firm and consistent hand when training. The dog requires a great deal of grooming, and so the coat is typically clipped short. It can reach a height of 43cm, and a weight of 24 pounds.
A cute and playful little breed, you only have to look at it to understand why it has been a popular companion dog for centuries. It is thought to descend from the Barbet; an ancient European water spaniel, and was first bred on the Canary Island of Tenerife. It has a snow white, double layered, curly coat which benefits from moderate grooming. This dog can be lively, but only requires moderate exercise and are ideal for urban life. It is one of the less noisy small dogs, and it is not prone to unnecessary barking. This is a pleasant little dog that needs to be part of the family, and it simply loves your attention. A daily walk is a must for mental and physical stimulation. This makes a great all round, family dog. It is a trustworthy dog which is great with children and around other dogs. It can weigh between 10 – 16 pounds, and can reach an average height of 24cm -31cm.
This huge scent hound first originated in Belgium, and it has been used for tracking down anything from missing persons to escaped prisoners. It is a heavy, bulky, huge build of a dog. This large breed is well behaved, mild mannered, and lovable. The bloodhound is too easily distracted by its sense of smell to be worthily trained. A firm consistent and calm approach is needed for any success at training. It is an affectionate and gentle dog which is good around children, but as with any dog, children should not be allowed to pester or annoy it too much. It is prone to cancers, bloat, and joint problems, and is not the longest lived of its kind. It can grow to 70cm in height and can weigh up to 110 pounds.
This breed is similar in appearance to the Bichon Frisé, but is more closely related to the Maltese. The breed was fully developed in the Italian city of Bologna, which lends its name to the breed. This dog makes a fantastic companion dog, and is known to form a particularly strong bond with its owner. It is playful and eager to please, and can be trained easily enough. Good with people, children and other animals, it is a great all rounder. If you are prone to spoiling your small dogs and letting them away with too much – be careful with this breed around younger children. Spoiled little dogs make snappy, over protective little dogs! Indoors, it is quite and content, and outdoors it has a playful attitude. It does not have an over the top energy level, and is therefore suited to city life, but as with any dog, does require a daily walk for both mental and physical stimulation. The coat of the Bolognese is always fluffy and white, and will require moderate grooming and attention to keep it looking in good condition. Like any sociable pack animal, it does not like being left alone for long periods. This dog can weigh between 6 – 9 pounds, and can reach an average height of 25cm -30cm.
Originating in the UK, this familiar breed has been prized as a working and herding dog for quite some time. The breed was first established along the northern boarder of England, hence the name. It is a very intelligent, agile dog that is full of energy. For this reason it makes a great dog for anyone wanting to compete in agility trials and the likes. It is also a great pet for an active family with older children. This medium sized dog thrives on praise, and works hard for it. It enjoys outdoor playtime and rural walks, so if you are not the active type, this is not the right dog for you. Similarly, this breed can become bored easily if left alone for long stretches, and remember that bored translates into destructive behavior! So if you lead a busy life, and cannot devote to much time to your dog, this is not the one for you – this is no couch potato dog. The coat can do with a good deal of grooming to keep it in good condition and prevent matting. This breed can reach a height of 55cm and can weigh up to 50 pounds.
This very popular breed originated in the UK, and it makes a good all round family dog. The breed is known to have less of a wicked streak than most terriers, and it is also a very trainable, intelligent dog. This explains the breeds’ popularity. It will also seek out any vermin around the house. It is a well behaved, good mannered breed that gets on well with children and other dogs. It loves playtime, and it is always eager to please you – one of the reasons is it so easy to train. As with any terrier, be wary of introducing it to any non canine family pets and smaller animals. They can appear in a variety of colours from grey, red and tan, through to gold. The coat is however easy enough to maintain; only requiring moderate grooming. Like most terriers, the Border will require a good deal of exercise and playtime. The dog can attain an average height of 25cm, and will typically weigh between 10 and 15 pounds.
This breed originated in the US, and is one of the most relaxed ‘terriers’ you will find. The breed is in part descended from bulldogs; however, there is nothing in the mannerism of the Boston which would suggest this. It is a small dog, but it has a very sturdy and muscular appearance and build. The breed is typically engaging, pleasant, and even a bit lazy for a terrier. It does however require regular exercise and mental stimulation. It makes a great family pet, and gets on well with strangers, children and other pets. The coat is short, and does not require much attention. It can be trained well with a firm and consistent hand. The coat can appear in black and white, or in black brindle. It will reach an average height of 41cm, and can weigh between 15 and 25 pounds.
This well known breed originated in Germany, and was bred for hunting, seizing, and keeping hold of large game. This breed is highly intelligent, easy to train, and is a popular military dog. They are sturdy and well built dogs which require a good deal of exercise and stimulation – a daily walk is a must. They are fun loving, happy, energetic clowns that can make excellent family dogs. They are great dogs for obedience training, but they must be taught not to jump up on people. Boxers are generally good around people and other pets. They make fantastic guard dogs, but they may also seize and restrain an intruder in the same way as a bulldog, which is fine if the person on your property is a genuine intruder! The boxer will require a firm hand, a dominant owner, and early training. Boxers can reach 64cm in height and can weigh between 52 and 70 pounds.
This unmistakeable breed has a history as a fighting dog, but they can make gentle, docile, and sweet companions. This is a courageous, but pleasant breed, who will only bark if there is a genuine reason. They are an extremely popular dog in a lot of countries, and their character and affection for their owners plays a big part in this. They do not require excessive exercising, and can even be described as lazy. Care should be taken as to what and how much the dog eats as it is less inclined to exercise, and can easily become overweight. They are known for snoring, and drooling, and they can be prone to overheating. They are found in the combined colours, white, tan, and black. A bulldog can reach 36cm, and can weigh up to 56 pounds.
The bull terrier originated in the UK, and it is a cross between a bulldog, and the now extinct, white terrier. These dogs are natural very active, and should be kept occupied to prevent the animal developing any destructive behavior. It is not ideally suited to apartment life, or being left on its own for long periods each day. It is highly intelligent, and a very powerful dog. The bull terrier is not as wicked as one might think, but when provoked or threatened, it will bite, and won’t let go easily. This breed is not for a novice or submissive owner, as it can become over protective and even possessive. A firm hand and consistent attitude is required when training the Bull Terrier. It is typically a polite and obedient breed which can become very attached to its owner. They can be found in many different colours, and the short coat does not require much care. Plenty of exercise and outdoor play is a must to keep the dog stimulated. The Bull can weigh about 58 pounds on average, and it can reach a height of up to 56cm.
Originating in the UK, this breed may be a close relative of the west highland terrier. It displays more obedience than most terriers, however, it loves to chase and dig, so don’t be surprised to discover holes in your lawn. It is an entertaining and playful dog, which does not require an excessive amount of exercise. It is a good all rounder, suited to city life and it also makes a great watchdog. The wiry coat can benefit form some moderate attention, and can be found in a range of colours. The Cairn will typically reach 24cm and weigh between 52 and 62 pounds.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
This breed originated in the United Kingdom, and first was made famous by King Charles II. These dogs were particular favourites of King Charles, as can be seen from the many paintings of him from the era with the breed. It may also be referred to as an English ‘Toy’ Spaniel. It is a lively, fun loving, happy little dog, which is always eager to please its owner, and is therefore easy to train. This is an intelligent breed, and it is good around people, children, and all kinds of animals. This breed does well in obedience trials. It loves companionship, and does not like being left alone for long periods. Examples of the breed can be found in different colours and colour combinations, such as red, tan, tan and white, black and white, black, tan and white. This breed only requires a moderate level of exercise and is ideal for urban life. This breed is noted to have a very pleasant temperament. This dog can weigh between 11 – 19 pounds, and can reach a height of up to 31cm.
Chinese Crested Dog
A strange breed, originating from China, it can either be hairless or with a normal covering of hair (nicknamed – ‘powder puff’). If one of the parents is hairless, and the other is a powder puff – both forms of the breed can appear in the litter. The Chinese crested dog is very alert, and for this reason it makes a good guardian of the home. This breed will typically become very attached to its owner, and it does not like to be left alone for long periods. This breed loves to dig holes and will climb anything; however it is not prone to excessive barking. It is also likely to put on weight easily, so watch what you are feeding the dog in comparison to the amount of exercise it gets. The long haired version of the breed will require a good grooming, while care must be taken with the hairless version as well. The hairless dog will suffer from sun burn and even heatstroke in intense sun, while it must also be well protected from the cold. This breed will benefit from regular exercise for both mental and physical stimulation. It is also a good idea to socialize this breed from an early age, introducing it to all kinds of sights and sounds. It can also learn and perform tricks readily. Can appear in black, white, grey, dark brown or combinations of these (ie: black and white). This breed can weigh between 5 – 11 pounds, and will reach a typical height of between 28cm – 33cm.
This breed originated in Mexico, and is named after the province from which it came from. This breed became a fashionable companion dog for women in America as early as the 1800’s. The Chihuahua is the smallest breed in the world, but they are noted for being noisy little dogs, and displaying a fearless temperament for their size. You may think the Chihuahua is a naturally wicked little dog, however this kind of behavior is brought on by the way it is treated – typically mollycoddled, babied, and let away with far too much. Every dog should be treated with a firm hand, and misbehavior should not be accepted because the dog is small. This breed can learn much is it is trained with positive reinforcement. A spoiled Chihuahua will snap and growl at anyone who gets to close to its owner, loose patients, and snap or even bite at kids. Do not let behavioral issues develop in your dog – and remember that it is your own behavior that leads to this kind of thing. When treated properly, the Chihuahua can make a fantastic little companion, and it does need regular walks for both mental and physical stimulation. There are short and long coated versions of this breed and they can be found in a range of colours. This breed only requires a moderate level of exercise and is ideal for urban life. They can reach a height of just 23cm, and can weigh between 2 – 6 pounds.
This is a very old breed which originated in China. The Chow Chow is a distinctive looking dog that has an extremely thick coat. This coat will require significant attention and it must also be noted that it will shed its hair heavily all year round. The breed can suffer from some health defects including joint problems. Originally, in China, this dog was used for herding, working, and guarding, and it still makes an exceptional guard dog today. The dog has a tendency to be independent, aloof, and stubborn. It is typically a well mannered dog that is quiet, and good around children. The breed will need a firm and consistent hand, with training starting early. It has a tendency to display dominance, and it therefore will require a calm, but firm and dominant owner! If you are of the timid, submissive personality type – this is not the dog for you: this dog may well end up being the boss of you – the Alpha dog, and this can cause all sorts of problems such as over protectiveness, aggression towards people around you, and disobedience. This dog will need plenty of exercise and space to run about in. The dog can reach 57cm, and it will weigh between 45 and 70 pounds.
Originating in the UK, this familiar breed is one of the most popular. It was developed for hunting and flushing game, but today it is used for hunting, working and showing alike. This breed is a favourite companion dog, as it is loyal, affectionate, and always eager to please. It is a very friendly and sociable dog which is great with strangers, other animals, and children. It is a great all rounder, and makes a fantastic family pet. It needs a firm but calm owner, and it does not respond well to harsh voices. Gentle discipline, with a firm and consistent rules will ensure that no behavioural issues develop. A daily walk and some outdoor activity are a must, as these dogs enjoy a good deal of exercise. The coat can benefit from moderate grooming. The coat can be found in a combination of various colours such as black, white, gold and tan. They can reach 44cm in height and will typically weigh close to 30 pounds.
Cotton de Tuléar
Origination from Madagascar, this breed is related to the Bichon Frisé. The coat is typically white, and is very soft and fluffy, or cottony. This dog will require a moderate level of grooming, or brushing, but it does not require regular baths. A fairly moderate level of exercising is required to keep the dog stimulated mentally and physically, and a daily walk is recommended. This breed sheds little to no hair, making it an excellent breed for people with allergies. This is an intelligent breed which does well in agility trails. It loves to play, is very sociable and friendly, and loves to please you when it can. This breed is a great all rounder – it makes a great family pet, is good around other dogs, smaller animals, and children. It is an entertaining and fun loving companion. They can reach a height of 30cm, and will typically weigh up to 15 pounds.
Originating in Germany, the Dachshund was bred for working underground, hence the short legs, and the name, which translates directly into ‘badger dog’. The modern breed is kept for hunting as well as a family pet. They can be prone to spinal problems given their shape and build. This breed can be found in different forms and sizes, and can be found with short, wire, or long hair. These strong little dogs can be difficult to train and they will require a firm and confident handler. The temperament of these dogs can vary considerably. It is typically and inquisitive, intelligent, playful, and affectionate dog. They can be stubborn however, and may need to be reminded who is boss. They will enjoy good exercise, and a daily walk is a must. Coat care will depend on the length. They can be up to 23cm tall, and weigh up to 25 pounds.
The exact origins of this breed are not known for sure. It may have been established in Dalmatia, today known as Croatia. However another line of investigation suggests it may have originated in India. Wherever the breed developed, one thing is sure, the Dalmatian is probably one of the most recognizable and distinguished breeds in the world. Its short black and white coat needs little care. This is a very intelligent dog that can be trained well when done properly, and it needs plenty of mental stimulation. To care for one of these dogs you will need plenty of time and energy – a good long run every day is a must. This extremely active breed can be too much for some people – and simply letting it out into a small yard to run about will not be enough. Dalmatians can be aggressive, and training must be started early to counteract this. If you are of the submissive, meek personality – this dog is not for you as it will end up being the boss of you! However, if you are the active, natural born leader sort – this could be the perfect dog for you. They can grow to 60cm, and weigh up to 66 pounds.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier
Originating in the UK, this is an unusual and distinctive looking terrier. The breed is relaxed, good around children and other dogs – hard to believe it was originally bred to attack otters and badgers. It is quite rare today, and due to its particularly short legs, it can be prone to back problems. Like any terrier it should not be trusted with small animals. This is an independent and intelligent breed which is guaranteed to be a lively and fun companion. Needs to be socialised and trained with a firm, consistent hand. It enjoys plenty of exercise, and the coat, which can be red and tan or black and tan, can benefit from a moderate level of grooming. The breed can reach a height of up to 28cm, and it will typically weigh between 18 and 24 pounds.
This breed originated in Germany, being created by a tax collector during the 1800’s to protect himself from angry people. The breed can be aggressive, and can bite when fearful. It is not always recommended as a family dog for this reason. This is a lively and intelligent dog will require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation. Be authoritarian with this breed – it needs firm training, and it should always know its place. Set out rules for the dog and stick to them. When treated properly, the Doberman can make a fun and loyal companion and a good family dog for families with older children. It needs to be socialised well from an early age. The breed is also prone to a number of health problems, so a thorough veterinarian check is worthwhile before buying. It makes a good guard dog, but also needs plenty of human interaction, and should not be left alone. A Doberman can grow up to 70cm, and can weigh between 65 and 88 pounds.
English Springer Spaniel
This breed is today a very popular dog for showing, and hunting alike, it also makes a great family dog. It has a pleasant temperament, and is gentle affectionate dog. Due to boredom from a lack of activity they can be destructive, and will bark excessively if left on their own for long periods. It is fantastic with kids due to its mild manners and temperament. It is highly sociable, and simply loves people and attention. This spaniel enjoys plenty of exercise and other outdoor activities. They are good with other dogs, but should not be fully trusted with smaller animals, especially birds. The coat is typically black and tan, or black and white, and can benefit from moderate grooming. They can reach a height of 51cm and a typical weight of 52 pounds.
English Toy Terrier
Of British origin, this breed was developed from small Manchester terriers. It is a fairly small breed of terrier with and arched back. It is only found in black and tan colours. It is a friendly, intelligent, and agile dog which is always eager to please its master and loves to get any attention from you. It learns new things easily, and it does well in obedience classes. It is a fun little dog, which should be socialised from and early age. It is typically good around children and other dogs, but it should not be trusted around smaller animals. It makes a great watchdog, and a good city companion dog – only requiring a moderate level of exercise. It can reach a height of up to 30cm, and will typically weigh between 6 and 8 pounds.
Originating from France, it was originally, a ‘toy’ bulldog. This breed was crossbred with terriers, which is what gives rise to those raised ears – which are so characteristic of the breed now. This breed can appear in many different colours, and only requires fairly moderate exercise. It is however a lively and very friendly dog which makes a great companion. It is not a noisy ‘little’ dog, and it simply loves to play and fool around. This dog will make a very amusing and affectionate companion. It loves people and other dogs. It loves to hunt small prey, and therefore will eliminate any vermin around the house, and it should never be trusted around smaller animals such as hamsters or rabbits. This dog is not a good swimmer, so therefore caution needs to be taken around water. A French bulldog will typically weigh between 20 – 28 pounds, and will reach an average height of just 29cm.
Originating in Germany, this breed is a well known, highly intelligent and trainable dog. It is popular as a military, and a police dog, as well as being the guard of many premises. It can become a family pet in some circumstances, and largely depends on the temperament of the individual dog itself; however, these large dogs should be treated with caution and would generally not be recommended as a family dog. They can reach a height of 65cm and can weigh up to 88 pounds.
There are different varieties of German Spitz – these are generally distinguished by there size: giant Spitz, the standard sized Spitz, and the miniature or ‘toy’ Spitz. The toy Spitz is regularly confused with the Pomeranian breed as they are very similar in appearance. All types of Spitz are similar in temperament. They are typically a very alert dog and therefore make excellent watchdogs – but teach the dog from an early age that a few barks are sufficient in some circumstances or you may end up with an excessive barker. Firm and consistent training from an authoritative owner will be needed. The German Spitz breeds have fox like facial features. The breed may appear in many different colours. This dog will require only a fairly moderate exercise level, and moderate coat care is also a requirement. A daily walk is good for keeping the dog mentally stimulated as well as wearing off some energy. Due to the different types of Spitz discussed, the breed can weigh anything between 7 – 40 pounds, and can range in height from 20cm – 42cm.
This well known and well establish breed is of British origin. The retriever was once the most sought after family dog, but demand for it is now declining as other breeds become more popular. The breed is a loyal and fun loving family dog. It loves playtime and outdoor activities. It is great with kids and other dogs as it has such a mild temperament. It does require a good exercise routine and plenty of space to run about in. It is a friendly and obedient dog, which can be very easily trained – hence its popular use as a guide dog. It also does very good in competitive obedience classes. It does require a good deal of exercise for both mental and physical stimulation, and a daily walk is a must. The coat can benefit from some moderate grooming and attention to keep it in good condition. The retriever can reach a height of 62cm and will weigh up to 76 pounds.
This giant of a dog originated in Germany, where it was originally used for hunting large prey. It was also used as a war dog, and as a guard. The Great Dane makes a great companion, and although it is particularly large, it is also gentle, and biddable around children and other dogs. Like the Irish wolfhound, it can be described as a gentle giant, but it should be taught not to jump up on people due to its size. This dog is not for confined, small spaces, but it is however, generally quiet when indoors. You will need to allow the dog regular exercise and plenty of space to roam in. transporting, and lifting this large dog may also be an issue for some people. It can reach a height of 92cm and will typically weigh between 110 and 180 pounds.
Originating in the UK, the greyhound is familiar to everyone. Famous for its speed and racing ability, it is a little known fact that this breed can make a great family dog and a relaxing companion. It is not suited to city life, small back yards, or young children, but it is a gentle and quiet breed, which is often dumped after its short working life. The can reach speeds of 43mph, and have a natural instinct to chase after anything. Greyhounds can be found in a range of colours and can grow up to 77cm in height.
Originating in Havana, Cuba, this breed is yet another relation of the Bichon Frisé. This breed appears mainly in white, but can also appear in different coat colours, such as black, blue, cream and brown. The breed has a fairly long and fluffy coat, with the hair on the head being particularly long, and this is often tied up into a topknot. This dog only needs moderate exercise, and the coat can benefit from moderate grooming. The Havanese is a lively little dog, which makes a great companion and equally makes a great guard dog. It is a very intelligent little dog that loves human company. It makes an excellent family pet – getting on well with other dogs, smaller animals, and children. Needs to be socialised from an early age, and taught not to get into the habit of barking too much when someone comes to the door. It does not respond well to harsh voices or over the top discipline, but, like any dog, it needs firm, consistent, and calm training. It is a great all rounder. Can weigh between 7 – 13 pounds, and will reach an average height of between 21cm – 36cm.
The first Irish breed to be recognized by the kennel club, it is a long established, and well liked breed. This dog is still used for hunting, but these days it is more likely to be found as a family pet. It is a good all rounder, an excellent guard dog, and it will defend its home and owners alike. This loyal and energetic dog benefits from plenty of exercise, but may be too lively around other dogs and smaller animals. Its coat can be red, tan, or gold, and requires only moderate attention. They can reach 46cm in height and will typically weigh about 26 pounds.
Irish Red Setter
One of nine dog breeds native to Ireland, this one is the most popular and well known. Bred as a working gun dog, it can make a great companion, and family dog. Its coat, which can be red or tan, does benefit from a moderate grooming to keep it in good condition. This is a fairly energetic dog that will require a good deal of exercise and a daily walk. It can require plenty of mental stimulation to keep it from developing undesirable behavioural issues. If you have the time, space, and energy to cater for this breed, combined with natural leadership skills, this could be a fantastic and fun dog for you. The setter can reach a height of 70cm, and a weight of between 60 and 70 pounds.
Irish Water Spaniel
The ancestry of this breed is not fully known but it is thought that it may be part descended from such breeds as the Portuguese water dog, the Poodle, and the Barbet. It is a loving and affectionate dog, but it has boundless energy. It makes a great companion for anyone who loves going on long walks, and not ideal for someone living a busy, city life. This dog loves water, is a fantastic swimmer, and will leap with enthusiasm into lakes or rivers. It has a playful nature, and has gained a reputation of a clown. The dark brown coat will benefit from moderate grooming. It can reach a height of 62cm and will typically weigh between 45 and 65 pounds.
Irish Wolf Hound
This gentle giant is said to have been used by the Celts to hunt down, elk boar, and even wolves. Today, it is typically a family pet, and although it is fierce in size, it is more likely to lick a burglar than bite or bark. It is excellent with other dogs and with children. The shaggy coat, which can be grey or less commonly, red/brown, can benefit from a modest deal of grooming. The size of this dog means that it is not suited to everyone, and it will need plenty of space and exercise. When the dog is young, it should be trained not to pull on its leash – before it becomes too large and strong to have the problem corrected. It is an extremely loyal dog which is always eager to please its master. They are typically not aggressive in any way, which is a good thing given its size! It can reach a height of 86cm, and can weigh up to 120 pounds.
Jack Russell Terrier
Originating in Britain, this is a mischievous and adventurous breed of dog. The ever popular dog has a good temperament, although it can be fearless at times and end up in trouble. These dogs are noted for having a particularly loud bark for their size, and therefore they make great guards of the home. Loyal, entertaining, and energetic, they are still popular as working dogs today, however they only require fairly moderate exercise. This breed can be found in a range of colours, the most common being black, white, and tan. The short coat does not require much attention. These make fantastic companion dogs. They typically reach a height of between 25cm – 30cm, and can weigh up to 15 pounds.
Originating in Japan, this breed is similar to the Pekingese and likely shares a common lineage. These dogs make great companions, and are surprisingly quiet for a small dog of this kind – not at all prone to excessive barking. This breed suits city life well, does not require excessive exercise, and does not require as much grooming as other dogs with a similar length coat. It loves people, attention, and playtime. It is very affectionate, is always eager to please, and can be taught tricks. Good around other animals, but younger kids should be told to be gentle with a Chin. Needs to be well socialised at a young age. They typically appear in black and white, but can also be found with a tan and white coat. The Chin can weigh between 4 – 7 pounds, and will reach an average height of 21 -36cm.
Originating from Japan, this is a lively and intelligent little dog. This breed is a lovable, playful, intelligent and alert little dog. It does make a great little watchdog, and doubles up as a great family pet. Be quick to correct the dog if it begins to bark excessively at anything, but as they are good learners, they should be obedient if you have a firm hand. The dog has a fluffy white coat, raised ears, and a tail that curves over the back. The breed resembles the Samoyed, from which it is likely part descended. A Japanese Spitz will typically weigh around 13 pounds, and will reach an average height of 40cm.
Kerry Blue Terrier
Originating in Ireland, this breed can also be called the Irish Blue Terrier. Traditionally, the Kerry Blue is said to be the national dog of Ireland, however they are not the commonest breed throughout the country. This is an energetic and distinctive looking breed, which is typically found as a family pet. They enjoy plenty of exercise and outdoor activities, however the blue coat needs regular attention to keep it right. This is a highly amusing dog, which will give you endless hours of fun and can also be taught to perform tricks. They are good with people and other dogs. They can get bored if they do not receive enough mental stimulation. They are great dogs for agility training, and love to play fetch, and other games like Frisbee. These dogs can reach a height of 48cm, and will typically weigh between 32 and 41 pounds.
King Charles Spaniel
Originating in the United Kingdom, this toy ‘Spaniel’ was never used as a gun dog, but rather was bred as a lively companion dog. It is an intelligent little dog which simply loves people and will be devoted to its master. By its very nature, this breed is quite affectionate and very cute. It suits urban life, and does not require excessive exercise. It will require only moderate grooming, but this breed can be prone to some health problems. It will only reach an average height of 26cm, and will typically weigh between 8 and 14 pounds.
This breed is of British origins, and is probably the most popular family dog there is. It is a great all rounder and had a pleasant temperament, and is the first choice for many homes. This is a highly intelligent and trainable dog which is very loyal and obedient to its owners. This is why it makes an ideal breed to be trained as a guide dog, or for any other purpose. These dogs love outdoor play, walks, and fun time as they have boundless energy. They are sociable dogs, and are also good with children. Retrievers can be found in gold, black, and dark brown, and their short coat also needs very little care. The can grow to a height of 61cm and can reach a weight of 75 pounds.
This breed originates in the UK, and is quite distinctive looking. It was bred to be a working dog, and it carries that personality today. These make great guards around the home, but can lack obedience at times or when excited. They are great around children and other dogs, but need plenty of socialisation around strangers and other animals when young. Like most terriers it is fearless, and can find itself in trouble. This dog requires ample exercise, and moderate grooming. They can enjoy a bit too much barking and digging sometimes! The coat can be found in a variety of colours. It can reach up to 47cm in height and can weigh between 15 and 17 pounds.
Originating from Tibet in Asia, this beautiful little dog is characterized by its long, flowing coat. The breeds’ long coat protected it from the cold environs it was first established in, however it needs excessive grooming to keep it in good condition, and does require a daily effort. A bit of positive reinforcement training and these dogs will be extremely loyal and obedient to their handlers. A firm and consistent hand will be required when training. Do not spoil this dog, or let it away with too much or, like any other dog - it will lead to undesirable behavioural issues. The breed can appear in many different colours, ranging from black through to white. This breed does not require excessive exercise, and makes a good companion dog. It will reach an average height of 27cm, and a typical weight of 14 pounds.
This is an ancient breed originating in Malta. Rather like the Chihuahua, its personality does not reflect the dogs’ size, and at many times can appear fearless of anything. This breed, an active and lively companion, is suited to city life, and is also good around children and other dogs. This is a relative to the Bichon Frise. The long coat adorned by the breed will get matted quite easily and does require a daily effort at grooming. The Maltese will reach an average height of 24cm and can weigh between 4 and 12 pounds.
Originating in the UK, this was never a popular family dog due to its independence. However they make good outdoor companions, enjoying plentiful exercise. It is an intelligent and agile dog. It is a fun little dog, which should be socialised from and early age. It is typically good around children and other dogs, but it should not be trusted around smaller animals. It makes a great watchdog. Only found in black and tan, the coat requires little attention. These dogs can weigh up to 22 pounds and can reach a height of 42cm.
This is a German breed, initially bred for ratting. Boisterous, and lively, it makes a great companion and an excellent watchdog. Typically found in black and tan, this breed will chase, jump, dig, and challenge larger dogs, always with enthusiasm. It can grow to a height of 42cm, and will weigh up to 23 pounds.
Originating in the UK, this breed is closely related to the Norwich Terrier. The ears on this breed are dropped, or floppy. The coat can be found in different colours, and generally needs little attention. These dogs are very tolerant of other dogs, are long lived and make good pets. They can reach a height of up to 25cm and can weigh on average, about 11 pounds.
Old English Sheep Dog
The shaggy looking Dulux dog, or bob-tail as it is sometimes called. This distinctive looking breed can make a great family pet as well as being a good guard dog. Its temperament is very pleasant, and it is a loving, affectionate, loyal, and intelligent breed of dog. They are adaptable and friendly dogs that love to be part of family life. They are great around children other animals. It does not need excessive exercise, but will require a good deal of grooming to keep the coat from matting, and a monthly clip is advisable. It is typically found in grey or blue, with patchy white markings. It can grow to a height of 60cm, and can reach a weight of 66 pounds.
Originating in France, the breed name, Papillion means ‘butterfly’ which is a reference to the appearance of the dogs face and ears. It is a beautiful little dog, and it is not hard to see why this breed is particularly favoured. Its’ long silky coat, unusual ears, and plumed tail distinguish it from other breeds. These dogs are quite agile, and energetic for their size, and they love outdoor escapades and playtime. Combine this fact with their intelligence, and they make great dogs for agility courses, performing tricks, and obedience trails, given the right training. The Papillion can be territorial and possessive of their owner, but this also makes them apt guard dogs. The coat can require moderate grooming, but daily grooming is not a requirement. Coat colours can be different combinations of black, tan, and white. These dogs can grow to between 20 and 28cm, and will typically weigh around 9 pounds.
Parson Russell Terrier
Originating in Britain, this lively little terrier was originally used for foxing. It makes a great companion and watchdog, and enjoys boisterous exercise. The coat, which requires little attention, can be black and white, tan and white, or black, tan and white. These terriers can reach a height of 38cm, and will typically weigh between 12 and 18 pounds.
Originating in China, the Pekingese is known to be one of the world’s most ancient breeds. It will typically appear in gold or tan and white colours, but can also be seen with a black, or red and tan coat. These dogs make good watchdogs, and they are very loyal to their owners. They can also be stubborn, and even obstinate. The coat will require moderate grooming, and they do not need excessive exercise. These dogs will attain an average height of 20cm, and typically weigh between 7 and 12 pounds.
This popular and well known breed originated in Germany. It is an intelligent dog, full of energy, and very territorial. It is yet another tiny dog, unaware of its own minute size. It is fearless, will challenge larger dogs, and anything it sees as a threat. Can be noisy, but therefore, makes an effective watchdog. The coat, which can be black, red, cream, or more typically gold, needs a lot of attention due to its thick undercoat. Daily grooming with a damp brush is advisable to prevent matting. These dogs are suited to urban life, and do not require excessive exercise. They will reach an average height of 25cm, and can weigh between 4 and 7 pounds.
Poodle (Toy, Miniature, and Standard)
The miniature Poodle may have originated in France, and has been used as a circus dog for centuries. Being a favourite ‘trick’ or ‘show’ dog of the circus for such a long time reflects the level of intelligence this breed has. In the modern world, this breed, particularly the toy, may be treated as a fashion accessory, and in these situations can suffer from boredom, leading to less favourable behaviour. These dogs can make a very entertaining companion, if they are given the chance. The breed can be prone to ear infections among other health defects. Grooming should be carried out very regularly, unless the dogs’ hair is clipped short. Smaller poodles will appreciate a moderate level of exercise, but are still suited to city life. These versions can range in height from 23 – 38cm, and can weigh anything from between 4 and 18 pounds. The standard poodle, may have originated in Germany, but is officially recognised as a French breed. Like the miniature, and toy versions, the standard poodle is a very intelligent dog, and is easy to train for various activities. ‘Do not judge a book by its cover’ should be the motto for this breed. Again, significant time must be dedicated to the care of this breeds coat unless very well clipped. The larger poodles also require a good deal of exercise and stimulation. The standard poodle will typically range between 38 – 60cm in height and can weigh between 45 – 70 pounds. Poodles can be found in a range of colours. The smallest (the toy) is generally the longest lived, and can live for up to 14 years.
This popular breed originated in China, and it still bears a resemblance to the lion dog, or ‘foo dog’ statues which guard the entrances of many temples in China. Although their facial expression looks cross, these are fun loving, playful little companion dogs. They can be stubborn, but they are also quiet intelligent. These dogs require little grooming, and only moderate exercise. They make great guard dogs, and are suited to city life. The Pug will reach an average height of 27cm and can weigh between 14 to 18 pounds.
Originating in Germany, this breed is very well known, and not always for the right reasons. They are preferred as guard dogs, rather than family or companion dogs, and their combined size and weight does not make them suitable as a family dog. They are intelligent and used as police dogs. The coat needs little care, and the dog will require a good deal of exercise and outdoor activity. They can reach a height of 70cm and will typically weigh up to 110 pounds.
This breed is also known as the Lassie dog, and is a very popular easily recognisable dog. It originated in the UK, and was of course originally bred as a herding dog. This dog has boundless energy and therefore needs plenty of exercise, and outdoor activities. Its’ coat, which is typically black white and tan, does require a good deal of grooming to keep it in good condition. While some individuals can be a bit wicked, it typically makes a great family pet. It can reach up to 60cm in height and can weigh between 40 and 66 pounds.
This breed originated in Russia, or Siberia, and its thick coat demonstrates the cold climate in which it was established. It was originally used to herd animals, and pull sleighs, but it is today well established as a family dog. It is a good all rounder – intelligent, well mannered, and great with people and other dogs. It does require a good deal of exercise and outdoor activity to keep it stimulated. It’s a fantastic companion dog due to its natural love and affection of people. The coat can benefit from moderate grooming. The dog can reach a height of up to 57cm and will typically weigh between 50 and 66 pounds.
A once popular, but now rare Welsh dog, which was bred for hunting all sorts of everything. These killer instinct of the breed means that they do not make good pets and would rather be off hunting something than doing tricks for treats. The can make good guard dogs, and enjoy outdoor exercise. The coat will benefit from moderate grooming, and it can be found in tan/gold/black and white. It can grow to a height of 28cm and can weigh an average of 22 pounds.
Originating in Tibet or China, the name Shih Tzu, while it may sound funny, directly translates into ‘lion dog’. These little mites sometimes live up to that name, as whenever they feel threatened, they can bark ferociously. For this reason they can make great little watch dogs, as well as a fun, family friendly companion. Well behaved around other dogs, the Shih Tzu is a good all rounder. It is generally not one of the small breeds that bark excessively. The Shih Tzu can be found in a range of colours, and it must be known that the coat requires a great deal of attention. It has a thick undercoat, which can become matted easily if it is not brushed out frequently. The Shih Tzu will reach an average height of 26cm and will typically weigh between 9 and 16 pounds.
Originally used for reindeer herding and sled pulling, this is an active, energetic, and very intelligent breed which will require a good deal of exercise and outdoor activity to prevent boredom. In general, these dogs are friendly, sociable, and gentle. They love family life, company, and socialising. They do not make good watch dogs as they are more likely to greet strangers than bark. It can be prone to howling, particularly if left alone. The coat can benefit from moderate grooming, particularly when shedding. It can reach a height of 60cm and can weigh up to 60 pounds.
Smooth Fox Terrier
This dog has no patience for younger children and it can be snappy. The coat can be tan and white, black and white, or a combination of all three colours, and it needs little attention. This makes a great companion dog, though is better suited to rural locations than city life. It can reach a height of 28cm, and a weight of 22 pounds.
Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
Originating in Ireland, this dog was bred and used for many rural purposes. It is a relaxed and calm type of terrier, which has made it a more popular type of companion dog than other terriers. The coat is a wheaten gold colour and can benefit from a moderate level of grooming. It is known to be tolerant of children. It can grow to 48cm in height and can weigh up to 40 pounds.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
Of UK origins this is one of the best known dogs which were bred for fighting. As the name suggests it can be aggressive, and ruthless towards other dogs and anything it sees as a threat, but they are generally very good natured towards people. Exercising them in parks or other spaces where other dogs may be present can be difficult due to their aggressive approach, but socialising them regularly is recommended in order to try and control the natural fighting instinct. Keeping one as a solitary guard dog is not recommended. The coat can appear in a range of colours. They can reach a height of 41cm, and can weigh up to 39 pounds.
This well known breed originated in Switzerland and was bred for working, but it also doubles as a companion and also makes a good guard dog. They are friendly, sociable, obedient, loyal, and gentle. They do reach a fair size so they may not be suited to everyone. These dogs can be prone to health issues such as joint trouble and bloat. The coat will benefit from moderate grooming. They can reach a height of 90cm, and will weigh between 100 and 300 pounds.
Commonly referred to as the corgi, this breed was originally used as a herding dog. It has been made famous by certain members of the British monarchy taking a liking to it. They make great companion and watch dogs, however they can be stubborn and wicked and therefore do not make good family pets. There are other versions of the breed – the Cardigan corgis, and the Pembroke corgis, these are similar in many ways but differ slightly in appearance. The Corgis can reach a height of 32cm and will typically weigh between 21 and 26 pounds.
This Welsh breed was originally used for ratting and hunting. The breed has a tendency to be more aggressive towards other dogs than most terriers, but it is highly intelligent and is easy to train. It is well suited to active family life. It is a lively, energetic, courageous, loving and affectionate dog. It can be mischievous sometimes, and like any other dog should receive calm but firm training. It is found with a black and tan coat, which will require a moderate level of grooming. It can reach a height of 38cm, and will typically weigh 20 pounds.
West Highland Terrier
This Scottish breed, which is informally known as the Westie, is an extremely popular and well known breed. The face of many a dog food advert, it is particularly cute and adorable. The Westie is a fun loving and entertaining dog which was originally bred for hunting and flushing out game birds. Westies like their sleep, but when awake can be very active. These make excellent companion dogs, and are equally good watch dogs. They are prone to skin allergies, and can be wicked at times. They have a fluffy white coat which does require moderate grooming. They will reach a height of 28cm, and can weigh up to 22 pounds.
Originating in the UK this breed is a miniature greyhound. It is one of the fastest sight hounds known, and its nickname – ‘snap dog’ is in refer